Romania, an overview

The national symbols

The National Coat of Arms 

State heraldic symbols existed as far back as the dawn of the Middle Ages, gradually evolving towards a representative, synthetic coat of arms.

After the 1989 Revolution, Romania needed a representative coat of arms. It has as a central element the golden eagle with cross, which stands for the founding Basarab dynasty, the core around which was formed Wallachia, one of the three Romanian provinces of the Middle Ages (Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania). The shield on which it is placed is azure, symbolizing the sky. The eagle holds in its talons the insignia of sovereignty: a scepter and a saber that remind of two major rulers: Moldavia’s Stephen the Great and Saint, and Wallachia’s Michael the Brave, the first unifier of the Romanian provinces. A quartered escutcheon features the symbols of the Romanian historical provinces, as well as two dolphins. The first quarter shows Wallachia's coat of arms on azure: a golden eagle. The second – Moldavia's traditional coat of arms: a black auroch with a star between its horns. The third quarter features the coat of arms of Banat and Oltenia, a golden bridge with two arched openings (symbolizing Roman emperor Trajan's bridge over the Danube) and a golden lion. The fourth quarter holds the coat of arms of Transylvania: in the upper part, an eagle with golden talons; on the base, there are seven crenellated towers, symbolizing the main towns in Transylvania. Also represented are the lands adjacent to the Black Sea (the historical province of Dobruja): two face-to-face dolphins.

The Flag  of Romania

The flag of Romania is a tricolor: red, yellow and blue. It has not undergone major changes in the course of history. Only the distribution of the colors (proportion and position) changed to a certain extent, being made equal after the Revolution of 1848 when, influenced by the French revolutionary spirit, many states in Europe adopted the standardized three-color banner as their national flag.

The flag of Romania has the colors placed vertically as follows: blue (hoist), yellow (in the middle) and red (fly). The blue is cobalt, the yellow – chrome, and the red – vermillion.

The National Anthem

The lyrics of the national anthem belong to Andrei Muresanu (1816-1863), a Romantic poet and representative of the 1848 Revolution. The music was composed by poet and ethnographer Anton Pann (1796-1854), author of music textbooks.

Andrei Muresanu's poem Un rasunet (An Echo), written and published during the 1848 Revolution, was first sung in June 1848. It became an anthem under the title Desteapta-te, române! (Awaken Ye, Romanian!). After 1848, Desteapta-te, române! became a precious song for the Romanians, giving them courage during the Independence War (1877-1878), as well as during the First and the Second World Wars.

On December 22, 1989, at the time of the anticommunist revolution, the anthem was sung spontaneously after decades of being forbidden by the communists. Therefore its re-institution as state anthem was only natural.


Windows Media Player(878 KB)


Titus Corlăţean: Romania presses for NATO redeployment over Ukraine crisis


NATO should redeploy its forces in eastern Europe and take a firm stand to prevent a contagion of the Ukraine …

Romanian Ambassador attend celebrations marking the National Day of the Republic of Moldova


Mr. Marius Gabriel Lazurca Romanian Ambassador in Chisinau, participated in the celebrations of National…